Skip Navigation LinksHome > News > Marrakesh Treaty Enters into Force Today!

Marrakesh Treaty Enters into Force Today!

Today, September 30th, 2016, the Marrakesh Treaty has officially entered into force in the 20 countries that ratified it by June 30th, 2016 and their blind and print disabled citizens can begin benefiting from its provisions to increase​ access to accessible books and print materials. Two other countries ratified it after June 30th, Tunisia and St. Vincent and the Grenadines. The Treaty will enter into force in those countries in December of this year. The full list of the 22 ratifying countries is as follows: India, El Salvador, United Arab Emirates, Uruguay, Mali, Paraguay, Singapore, Argentina, Mexico, Mongolia, the Republic of Korea, Australia, Brazil, Peru, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Israel, Chile, Ecuador, Guatemala, Canada, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, and Tunisia. In honour of today, the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) has created a video playlist with several key people speaking about the Marrakesh Treaty, including WBU President Dr. Fredric K. Schroeder and CEO Dr. Penny Hartin. You can access the video playlist at the following link:​​ 

Below is our Press Release from June 30th, 2016, the day that the Marrakesh Treaty reached the 20th ratification needed to trigger its entry into force.  ​

Toronto, June 30th, 2016 – Today is an historic day as Canada became the 20th country to ratify the Marrakesh Treaty (full name is the Marrakesh Treaty to Facilitate Access to Published Works by Visually Impaired Persons and Persons with Print Disabilities).
The twenty ratifying countries will be able to enjoy the benefits enshrined in the treaty that are meant to extend the same access to literature and information for print disabled persons that non-print disabled persons already enjoy.

“This is another historical day for our movement,” said Arnt Holte, President of WBU. “It was a great victory when we managed to get a treaty securing accessible books for blind and print disabled persons, but the real victory was achieved today – when Canada became the 20th country to ratify the Marrakesh Treaty. The treaty will enter into force in three months, on September 30th, and then millions of blind and partially sighted persons will be able to access literature and educational materials, enabling them to better participate in all aspects of their society," he added.

The WBU led the international campaign in partnership with the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) to achieve the development of an international treaty that would put an end to the global “book famine,” which refers to the less than ten percent of published materials being available in accessible formats and often less than one percent in developing countries. The great achievement today offers much cause for celebration for the WBU and its partners.

After many years of hard work by countless people in the blindness community and partners from a range of sectors, we are now at the start of a new phase of our work,” said Maryanne Diamond, WBU Chair of the Right to Read campaign and a leader in the fight for the Marrakesh Treaty.

However, we still have much work to do in order to end the book famine. “As we celebrate and look to the future, we cannot forget that worldwide ratification is still a long way off,” said Ms. Diamond. “We need to continue our work together to ensure the treaty can be implemented and used by blind and print disabled people irrespective of where they live in the world,” she added.

The WBU calls for every single country to ratify the treaty, and then to effectively implement its provisions for the production and cross-border sharing of accessible works in order to achieve the treaty’s overarching goal of furthering the human rights of persons with print disabilities by promoting their access to literature and information.

To learn more about the Marrakesh Treaty, how it will help end the book famine as well as about our Ratification and Implementation Campaign and what you can do to encourage your government to ratify the treaty, visit our Campaign Page: English/our-work/our-priorities/Pages/right-2-read-campaign.aspx


The World Blind Union (WBU) is the global organization representing the estimated 285 million people worldwide who are blind or partially sighted. Members consist of organizations run by blind people advocating on their own behalf and organizations that serve the blind, in over 190 countries, as well as international organizations working in the field of vision impairment. Visit our website at


For further information, please contact:

World Blind Union
Caitlin Reid 
Communications Officer & Project Coordinator - Marrakesh Treaty Ratification and Implementation Campaign